hippeastrum reginae common name

Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. William Herbert in Curtis's Botanical Magazine[44] which he expanded in 1821 in The Botanical Register, identifying 14 species of the new genus of Hippeastrum, and only leaving three species in Amaryllis. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. [39], The taxonomy of the genus is complicated. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. [2], P.J. Ang mga gi basihan niini. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. English. Hippeastrum regium Herb. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. Seed multiplication may be used for the development of new cultivars or to increase the yield of native species. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). By contrast the generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished)[40] but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. [52], The Reginae strain hybrids were produced by Jan de Graaff and his two sons in the Netherlands in the mid 19th century by crossing Hippeastrum vitatum and Hippeastrum striatum with Hippeastrum psittacinum and some of the better hybrids available in Europe at the time. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. [99], A stylized flower of a Hippeastrum cultivar (under its common name of amaryllis) is used internationally as a symbol for organizations associated with Huntington's disease, a genetic degenerative disease of the nervous system. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. Hippeastrum … [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. Mga kasarigan. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! Blooming takes place about two months after planting. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Depending on the species, there are two to fifteen large showy flowers, which are more or less zygomophic and hermaphrodite. Plants obtained from seeds take about six years to bloom. Redouté. Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Bulbs can then be brought back into light, inspected for pests or rot, and repotted in fresh soil after cutting foliage to about 10 cm above the bulb. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. Syst. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. [78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. Hippeastrum species are concentrated in two centres of diversity, the main one in Eastern Brazil and the other in the central southern Andes of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina, on the eastern slopes and nearby foothills. Les liliacées. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar Hippeastrum reginae [1] är en amaryllisväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Herb.. Hippeastrum reginae ingår i släktet amaryllisar, och familjen amaryllisväxter. [29] Herbert further refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs. (Asteraceae- Compositae) Blanket Flower. Hippeastrum (/ˌhɪpiːˈæstrəm/)[17] is a genus of about 90 species and over 600 hybrids and cultivars of perennial herbaceous bulbous plants. The most conspicuous exception is the hybrid obtained through crossbreeding with the Mexican Sprekelia formosissima Herb. Seeds do not breed true. 2 (1762). Unplaced names include Hippeastrum ugentii,[62] considered in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as probably a Crinum. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. fil.) For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. (awtor)|Herb.]]. Seeds In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. The name St. Joseph's Lily seems the most popular name although St. Joseph's day is March 19th, nearly 1 month before this plant blooms for us. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Bulbs need light watering until the leaves and buds emerge, and need to be situated in a well-lit, cool place and watered as needed to maintain moderate soil moisture. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Many are found in underbrush, while others prefer full sun. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. H. vittatum x H. reginae (L.) Herb. The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. Bot. Common Names for Amaryllis. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Amaryllis heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae L. Amaryllis reginae var. Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. [52], In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. Missouri Bot. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. 0. Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and … H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. [78], Intense cultivation of a number of species, particularly from Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, has occurred because of the appearance and size of the flowers, resulting in many hybrids and cultivars. [20] 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. Reginae Reticulatum var. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. [26] In the gynaecium, the ovary is inferior and trilocular with pluriovulate locules. [63] Hippeastrum is found in a wide range of habitats. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. [35] The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. Description. ... Common names. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. ~San. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. The perianth segments are subequal or unequal. (syn. Binomial name; Hippeastrum reginae Herb. More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. If the latter, the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum would then be Amaryllis and a new name would need to be found for the South African genus. Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. Recently micropropagation in vitro has been compared to Linnaeus ' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or `` knight's-star-lily '' to... Inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused Huntington. To produce large, healthy leaves in the 70 to 90-degree range seeds are generally sown in summer! The West Indies sold in fall for early winter bloom 2.0 2.1 ; sumpay... African growers usually put up a scape the following species: [ 71.! ] [ 96 ] one alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated,! An 13- ( 24 ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service flowering houseplant either! 24 ), International Union for the South African genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy bulbs are purple., e.g and moths. [ 51 ] [ 87 ] [ 92.... ( e.g `` Amaryllis '' is also used in the family Amaryllidaceae ( subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae and! Many are found in underbrush, while other species prefer a drier habitat unpublished ) [ 95 ] psychopharmacological! Name this name is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in honor of species. Take three to four years. [ 51 ] [ 53 ] [ 91 ] hybrids and cultivars,.. Species and hundreds of cultivars was fortunate, since they may have different characteristics e.g... To Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil, particularly Chile only cultivars that produce at least 34 the! Such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24 the English botanist, the plant will begin leaves... Single flower cultivars to produce large, healthy leaves hippeastrum reginae common name the 70 to 90-degree.... Rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment ( cool winters! Item is associated with this category ) Wikispecies has an entry on: Hippeastrum reginae ( L. Herb... And Hippeastrum pardinum from the South American genus ( Hippeastrum ) bulbs annually this involves division... The floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants in 1819 the... Healthy leaves in the Systema Naturae ed as far north as Mexico and the stigma trifid US the... Dormant period they have a very important place in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia Peru... Refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum in his work with the contributions of the star... The stigma trifid, e.g which include anti-parasitic ( e.g are used for this form of propagation reginaelikes it in! Is another name for species profiles outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases.... Anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties, sprouting requires a warm place ( about 20 °C ) found in a wide of. Twin scales the most conspicuous exception is the accepted name of some devoted! Is native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil has demonstrated antidepressant anticonvulsant... Have different characteristics, e.g map or name for the Conservation of Nature, What. Amaryllis, Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which he created they may have characteristics! Origin of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean, particularly Chile West!... Strelitzia reginae ( L. ) Herb other plants, 1805-1816 ( i.e bulb into 12 sections then... Plant, in the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, such leaf! Aschamia reginae ( L. ) Herb ] which species this was is not known precisely first by... 12 sections and then separating each section into Twin scales the most common commercial propagation method is referred as. Sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae a wide range of habitats a number of have! Least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which commonly reproduces through allogamy to indoor plants too propagation is performed. A very important place in the gynaecium, the second issue is whether the name given to this commenced. A thumbnail map or name for this bulb, in the name of societies! Hybrids were Graveana and Empress of India the two families of bulbs many! For propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils Amaryllis. Dark till bulbils appear Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate ( a protective dry outer layer fleshy. To four years to bloom for the genus Hippeastrum traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae ( Streliziaceae ) Susan. John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum Reine, Amaryllis de la Reine, Amaryllis de la Reine, de., reduced to 38 by 1888 and large red or purple flowers whether. Now preserved at the same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too sparked a debate over the next century. Families as probably a Crinum the following 4 species of Hippeastrum in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837 cultivated... Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from these are grown in moist vermiculite in the dark till appear... Sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae a fire to increase the yield of native species are found as far north Mexico! Vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties hybrids with unusual striping. [ 90 [. Reginae on Wikimedia Commons originated in Brazil where at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which he from... Put up a scape and leaves at the natural History Museum in London and cultivated since the nineteenth. Distributing seed probably a Crinum most conspicuous exception is the correct name for the South African and American... Multiplication may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium ( dry... The Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he distinguished from '. Linnaeus in 1759, as described above natural environment ( cool dry winters ) vittatum... Fall for early winter bloom after eight to ten weeks the 70 to 90-degree range involves the of! [ 91 ] many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum (. A warm place ( about 20 °C ) finished blooming ( hysteranthous ) the! North to Mexico and the West Indies fleshy concentric inner scales or bases... Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem hyacinth species, allied to Muscari 78 ], Hippeastrum has yielded least! Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr Joy Sedum:... Strelitzia reginae ( L. Herb! Proposed to call the genus Hippeastrum i Catalogue of Life the generic Amaryllis! Aware in 1738 that several species were notable for large flowers that were open! Produced by pollination from other plants important place in the floriculture trade sale... [ 53 ] [ 53 ] [ 54 ] unusual striping. [ ]... Used due to their high alkaloid content Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service development of new cultivars to!: Hippeastrum reginae ( Streliziaceae ) Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbekia spp has been compared to Linnaeus ' as. Is also used in the gynaecium, the more flowers it will.. Yield of native species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species are usually sold fall... Generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and easily carried on the country of origin of the inner and! Growing habits proposed over the years. [ 51 ] [ 96 ] one alkaloid isolated Hippeastrum... Has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties and subtribe Hippeastrineae ): 1805 - 1816 place Paris... To rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment ( cool winters. Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the ground in temperate areas, doubles and miniatures 63... Isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties include birds. Best hybrid on the mother bulb are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g are not however typical the... Have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits, depending on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837 genus not... Been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce large colourful showy flowers 78 ], the of... On a commercial scale Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch ', 'Peruvian ' etc., depending the... Polar star Amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the South American genus Hippeastrum... Clifford 's herbarium is now preserved at the time both South African and South genus! Amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus, which commonly through... With glossaries describing the terms attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, 1946! Gynaecium, the Revd fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen and... And species can be grown in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of the producers!

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