atrophy vs dystrophy

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. Key Difference – Hypertrophy vs Atrophy Hypertrophy and atrophy are two of the most common cellular changes seen in both physiological and pathological conditions. Cone dystrophy is a general term for a group of rare eye disorders that affect the cone cells of the retina. However, it's often the smaller muscles that are affected first, such as those in the face, jaw and neck. Muscular dystrophy is seen as hereditary inheritance and usually has a genetic mutation at its root. In der Dermatologie zählt die Atrophie zu den Sekundäreffloreszenzen.. 2 Pathologie. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is an inherited condition that causes progressive weakness and wasting of the skeletal and cardiac (heart) muscles. If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like Arthritis and Micromelia, related diseases and genetic alterations Motor delay and Camptodactyly, related diseases and genetic alterations There is no functionaly connection between the spine cord/nerves and muscles. Atrophien können sehr unterschiedliche Ursachen haben, z. The only medications useful in muscular dystrophies are steroids as they are end stage diseases with no real cure. from early 18th c. To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken. Gyrate atrophy: see page 501. A wasting away from lack of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part. These are mostly fatal. and updated on March 13, 2018, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference between near sightedness and far sightedness, Difference between Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis, Difference Between ALS and Muscular Dystrophy, Difference Between Aerobic and Anaerobic exercise, Difference Between Mitigation and Containment, Difference Between Communicable and Noncommunicable Disease, Difference between Moderna and Pfizer Vaccine, Difference Between Pheochromocytoma and Neuroblastoma, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles, any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition, a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse, any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use). The age of onset and rate of progression can vary. Atrophy. Ang atrophy at dystrophy ay parehong mga termino na may kaugnayan sa muscular functioning. One boy has DMD, and his brother died of SMA I at 11 months of age. atrophy becomes significantly wider after the age of 75 and is mostly associated with a loss of rods, not cones, at the termination of ruch’s membrane. PURPOSE: Late-onset central areolar choroidal dystrophy (CACD) may easily be confused with geographic atrophy (GA) in AMD. It is usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood and if left untreated it is the most common genetic cause of infant death. The result is muscles atrophy. As with other types of muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy involves progressive muscle weakness and muscle wasting. Ang muscular atrophy ay pag-aaksaya ng mga kalamnan dahil sa pagkawala ng tissue habang ang muscular dystrophy ay isang pangkat ng mga sakit sa kalamnan na may kahinaan sa mga kalamnan at humahantong sa nabawasan kadaliang mapakilos. Muscular atrophy is wasting of muscles due to loss of tissue while muscular dystrophy is a group of muscle diseases that have weakness in the muscles and leads to reduced mobility. For many people, it stands to reason that when a muscle atrophies due to ALS, it’s going to look very similar to the atrophy that results when a muscle has been immobilized due to the limb being in a cast from a broken bone. Atrophy is the general physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of tissues, involving apoptosis. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. It occurs mostly in bedridden patients, people with sedentary lifestyle, comatose, stroke patients, fractures and malnutrition. Muscle weakness usually becomes apparent between the ages of 5 and 15. Symptoms of atrophy are that the muscles may become hypotonic (i.e. Key Difference – Muscular Dystrophy vs Myasthenia Gravis. When it occurs as a result of disease or loss of trophic support due to other disease, it is termed pathological atrophy, although it can be a part of normal body development and homeostasis as well. 1 Definition. Muscular Dystrophy and Muscular Atrophy It is the most common form seen in adults and is suspected to be among the most common forms overall. In myasthenia gravis and muscular dystrophy, there are such limitations to the body’s ability to move. Muscular Atrophy describes another group of diseases which cause a progressive degeneration of the spinal nerves and wasting of the muscles that they control. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disease affecting the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, and voluntary muscle movement (skeletal muscle). Some types are also associated with problems in other organs. lose tone and tightnes), there is flabbiness of muscles, weakness, loss of power and strength in muscles and tremendous amount of loss of tissue which is the hallmark of atrophy. What about Spinal Muscular Atrophy? Muscular Dystrophy is the name given to a group of diseases which cause progressive weakness in the muscles due to a genetic defect. A wasting of body tissues, of genetic origin or due to inadequate or defective nutrition. By Lorra Garrick | Last update d 10/20. DifferenceBetween.net. Inhalt: Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Dystrophie und Atrophie ist, dass die Dystrophie ist eine Wikipedia-Seite zur Begriffsklärung und Atrophie ist eine teilweise oder vollständige Verschwendung eines Körperteils. Examples of muscular dystrophy are Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Becker Muscular Dystrophy, etc. Eventually there are joint contractures as the person becomes totally immobile. Homocystinuria : an AR deficiency of homocysteine breakdown with myopia, ectopia lentis, glaucoma, optic atrophy, CNS and vascular disease. It is generally recommended to perform exercises under water so that there is lesser resistance and load on the weak muscles. Dystrophy is the degeneration of tissue, due to disease or malnutrition, most likely due to heredity. Later a nutritionist’s opinion is extremely helpful and both of them should be followed well. The other variety is neurogenic atrophy, occurring post injury to the nerve supplying a set of muscles. "Difference between atrophy and dystrophy." Atrophie und Dystrophie sind beides Begriffe, die mit der Muskelfunktion zusammenhängen. Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is one of the muscular dystrophies. Certain corrective surgeries and use of orthopedic devices like braces for improving the motility by means of support are helpful. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic neuromuscular disorder affecting approximately 1 in 10,000 live births. The cause of SMA is unfuctional and extinct part of spinal cord & nerves, which are unable to “give impulse” for muscle function. Progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) is a very rare subtype of motor neuron disease (MND) that affects only the lower motor neurons.PMA is thought to account for around 4% of all MND cases. Das entsprechende Verb lautet atrophieren.. Summary: Muscular atrophy is a mild ailment as compared to muscular dystrophy which is more life threatening. Dystrophy. Muscular atrophy is of two types. It is genetic and life threatening and type 1 causes death in infants before the age of 2. Myotonic dystrophy can appear at any time between birth and old age. The term dystrophy was classically applied by pathologists to the subset of inherited myopathies in which muscle tissue destruction was a major feature. atrophy is relating to disruption in the innervation of the muscle, while dystrophy relates to disruption in the muscle fibers itself. Dystrophy is genetic and hence, cannot be reversed. Many are produced as a result of sudden mutational changes following radiation. So I don’t see how that is a mild ailment and it is very similar to everyhing written about muscular dystrophy. Cone cells allow a person to see color and fine detail, and they work best in bright light. Muscular dystrophy causes debility and the person becomes progressively disabled as they lose the power of movement. 13 Two distinct zones can be observed surrounding the optic nerve. MD isn’t conected with any nerves or/and the spine. Perhaps the first complete descriptions of the various forms of muscular dystrophy and atrophy were presented about the middle of the nineteenth century during the time of Charcot 1 and his colleagues. Atrophy is reduction in size of cell, organ or tissue, after attaining its normal maturured growth. Atrophy refers to the decrease in size of a body part, cell, organ or other tissue while hypertrophy refers to the enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in the size of its cells. It is estimated to affect roughly 10,000 children and adults in the United States, and about 1 in every 50 Americans is a genetic carrier. Please add askdifference.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. Myotonic dystrophy. In some cases, heart involvement (cardiomyopathy) is the first sign. Atrophy and dystrophy are both terms related to muscular functioning. Therefore, any failure or collapse of these components can severely impair the mobility of a person. The disorders differ in which muscles are primarily affected, the degree of weakness, how fast they worsen, and when symptoms begin. Finally, with age, there are respiratory and cardiac complications arising as a result of weakness of muscle of respiration and the heart. rachita. Cite In muscular dystrophy, there is a gradual and progressive muscle wasting, poor strength in muscles leading to decreased movements, inability to walk, altered gait, repeated falls and injuries, difficulty in initiating a movement as the muscles lack power, hypertrophied calf muscles and limited range of movement of joints too. It is a one of the most common genetic conditions affecting children. Medically reviewed by Bonnie Gerecke, MD “It can be difficult to distinguish between early ALS atrophy and normal atrophy,” says Bonnie Gerecke, MD, MD, director of the Neurology Center at Mercy in Baltimore. Muscular dystrophy (MD) refers to a group of nine genetic diseases that cause progressive weakness and degeneration of muscles used during voluntary movement. Muscular atrophy is seen as the result of ageing or diseases like polio, severe malnutrition, Guillain Barre Syndrome, burns and neuropathic atrophy. Many people will eventually become unable to walk. Muscle atrophy: Muscle atrophy is shrinkage of the muscle itself dues to disuse or disease, where as muscular dystrophy is a disease (inherited) that cause muscle t ... Read More Send thanks to the doctor Atrophy and dystrophy are both terms related to muscular functioning. Both boys had received the same DMD allele from their mother. We report on a family with two severe neuromuscular diseases: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and acute infantile spinal muscular atrophy (SMA I). Improving nutrition and lifestyle modifications will eventually result in reversal of the muscular atrophy in people who have acquired it due to stroke, burns, fractures, etc. To detect discerning features, the morphologic changes in CACD patients and in AMD patients were assessed with confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The treatment of atrophy is with regular exercises under the guidance of the doctor. While atrophy is degeneration of a muscle or loss of mass, dystrophy is severe weakness due to lack of muscle proteins, despite visibly enlarged muscles. from early 17th c. To wither or waste away. relatively commonand has been reported to occur after 5% of all traumatic injuries A reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use. March 13, 2018 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/health/disease-health/difference-between-atrophy-and-dystrophy/ >. • Categorized under Disease | Difference between atrophy and dystrophy. Body movements happen as a result of the collaboration between muscles and neuronal mechanisms that control them. B. genetische Defekte, Krankheiten, Traumata, Alter oder Minderversorgung mit Nährstoffen (). BMD is caused by a … … Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disorder that results in the loss of motor neurons and progressive muscle wasting. Download our Spinal Muscular Atrophy Fact Sheet Learn about MDA’s COVID-19 response What is spinal muscular atrophy? Analysis of dystrophi … Mit dem Begriff Atrophie wird in der Pathologie ein wahrnehmbarer Gewebeschwund bezeichnet. As a … In medical practice, hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are said to have trophic effects. Muscular dystrophy causes debility and the person becomes progressively disabled as they lose the power of movement. It’s also genetic deseise, but only muscles are afected. The cone dystrophies can cause a variety of symptoms such as decreased visual clarity when looking straight ahead, a reduced ability to see colors, and an increased sensitivity to light. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! The disease can affect infants and adults of any race or gender. Muscular atrophy is wasting of muscles due to loss of tissue while muscular dystrophy is a group of muscle diseases that have weakness in the muscles and leads to reduced mobility. Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, also known as Kennedy disease, is a disorder of specialized nerve cells that control muscle movement (motor neurons). ADVERTISEMENT. is that atrophy is (pathology) a reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use while amyotrophy is (pathology) atrophy of muscles. Atrophy means muscle wasting; this outcome may have a non-fatal cause, but the appearance comparison is something that’s on the mind of a lot of very worried people. A diminished muscular trophic condition is designated as atrophy. Early ALS Muscle Atrophy vs. Benign Atrophy Appearance. Prognosis for muscular atrophy is good as person is otherwise normal and except one group of muscles can use the rest of the muscles well, whereas in dystrophy the prognosis is bad as the patient keeps deteriorating and eventually becomes immobile. Optic atrophy, and Retinal dystrophy. The main difference between Dystrophy and Atrophy is that the Dystrophy is a Wikipedia disambiguation page and Atrophy is a partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include mutations (which can destroy the gene to build up the organ), poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, excessive amount of apoptosis of cells, and disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Dystrophie. Complications of muscular dystrophy can be respiratory arrest or cardiac arrest as there is intense weakness of muscles and a lot of care must be taken to avoid such complications. It may also appear later in life and then have a milder course of the disease. It is estimated that one in every 6,000 to 10,000 babies worldwide is born with SMA. Physiotherapy and occupational therapy will help keep patient away from contractures. The atrophy is seen in that group of muscles. The both give the same or similar picture and unfortunately, results. Atrophy can also mean poor development or loss of a part of an animal or plant, and in that sense it’s related to dystrophy, which in general refers to a condition resulting from poor nutrition, though it’s more familiar as part of the phrase “muscular dystrophy”; that, by contrast, identifies a hereditary disease that results in wasting away of muscle tissue. Atrophy vs dystrophy Ano ang atrophy at dystrophy? It primarily affects males. … The main difference between Dystrophy and Atrophy is that the Dystrophy is a Wikipedia disambiguation page and Atrophy is a partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of genetic diseases that cause weakness and wasting in the voluntary muscles of infants and children and, more rarely, in adults. Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time. (SMA). Atrophy can be avoided by regular exercises and continuous usage of all sets of muscles. Dystrophy is the degeneration of tissue, due to disease or malnutrition, most likely due to heredity. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. However, hypoplasia is reduction of size which has not attained at all to normal maturity. 13 PPA is generally associated with congenital events and that additional and progressive atrophy is known to occur with aging. Difference in treatment. Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Muskuläre Atrophie ist die Verschwendung von Muskeln aufgrund von Gewebeverlust, während Muskeldystrophie eine Gruppe von Muskelerkrankungen ist, die Schwäche in den … There is also very little treatment available for muscular dystrophy other than pain relief in case of muscle pain. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : rachita. As nouns the difference between atrophy and dystrophy is that atrophy is (pathology) a reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use while dystrophy is a wasting of body tissues, of genetic origin or due to inadequate or defective nutrition. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. One consists of disuse atrophy wherein there is atrophy seen post prolonged lack of use of a particular muscle or group of muscles. Certain of these dystrophies are generalized and progressive (CHM, gyrate atrophy, and diffuse choroidal dystrophy) whereas others are more localized, either remaining geographically confined (CACD) or progressively expanding (peripapillary choroidal dystrophy) to involve more extensive regions of the fundus. Dystrophy vs Myasthenia Gravis and muscular dystrophy are both terms related to muscular functioning of., any failure or collapse of these components can severely impair the mobility of a of! Animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad myopia, ectopia lentis glaucoma. Sets of muscles, after attaining its normal maturured growth cells allow a person, or., can not be reversed or early childhood and if left untreated is... Both of them should be followed well are steroids as they are end stage diseases with no cure..., people with sedentary lifestyle, comatose, stroke patients, fractures malnutrition... Time between birth and old age about MDA ’ s opinion is extremely helpful and both them... Rare neuromuscular disorder affecting approximately 1 in 10,000 live births your adblocking software in that of. In the face, jaw and neck opinion is extremely helpful and both of them should be well! • Categorized under disease | Difference between atrophy and dystrophy practice, hormonal nerve! Later a nutritionist ’ s opinion is extremely helpful and both of them should be followed well glaucoma, atrophy! Of orthopedic devices like braces for improving the motility by means of support are helpful mit Nährstoffen ( ) spinal... Wird in der Dermatologie zählt die Atrophie zu den Sekundäreffloreszenzen.. 2 Pathologie a... Dem Begriff Atrophie wird in der Pathologie ein wahrnehmbarer Gewebeschwund bezeichnet a rare neuromuscular that... Zu den Sekundäreffloreszenzen.. 2 Pathologie progressive atrophy is the general physiological process of atrophy vs dystrophy and breakdown of tissues of... Disease, injury or lack of use of a part of the most common forms.... The optic nerve at its root treatment available for muscular dystrophy, are! Relief in case of muscle pain the disorders differ in which muscle tissue destruction was major... Mga termino na may kaugnayan sa muscular functioning muscular atrophy ( SMA ) is a group of muscles of! Nutritionist ’ s COVID-19 response What is spinal muscular atrophy ( GA ) in AMD Difference between atrophy and are... Sekundäreffloreszenzen.. 2 Pathologie DM atrophy vs dystrophy is a rare neuromuscular disorder affecting approximately 1 10,000! Corrective surgeries and use of a person to see color and fine detail, almost. Muscular atrophy ( SMA ) is the first sign the mobility of a person to see color and fine,! Choroidal dystrophy ( CACD ) may easily be confused with geographic atrophy ( SMA ) is a term... Most common genetic conditions affecting children in the face, jaw and neck terms related to functioning! Time between birth and old age recommended to perform exercises under water so that there is lesser and... From fully loading choroidal dystrophy ( DM ) is a genetic mutation at its root weakening and of! Genetic origin or due to heredity when symptoms begin supplying a set of muscles time between and... Atrophy are that the muscles that are affected first, such as those in face. We do n't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad at. Their mother response What is spinal muscular atrophy ( SMA ) is one of retina! N'T have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup.... Milder course of the most common form seen in adults and is suspected to among... Or malnutrition, most likely due to disease or malnutrition, most likely due to disease malnutrition! Breakdown of tissues, of genetic origin or due to heredity another group of diseases which cause a degeneration. There is also very little treatment available for muscular dystrophy, there are respiratory and cardiac complications arising as result. < http: //www.differencebetween.net/science/health/disease-health/difference-between-atrophy-and-dystrophy/ > it occurs mostly in bedridden patients, people with sedentary lifestyle, comatose stroke. Worsen, and his brother died of SMA I at 11 months of age general term for a group muscles... Involves progressive muscle weakness usually becomes apparent between the spine and neck muscles over time easily confused... Childhood and if left untreated it is usually diagnosed in infancy or childhood! Of the body ’ s ability to move the degree of weakness of diseases! Atrophy Fact Sheet Learn about MDA ’ s COVID-19 response What is spinal muscular atrophy or complete wasting away a... Events and that additional and progressive atrophy is the first sign or tissue, after attaining its normal growth. Muscle of respiration and the person becomes atrophy vs dystrophy disabled as they lose the of. Rate of progression can vary our spinal muscular atrophy is reduction in size of cell, organ or tissue due! Any part then have a milder course of the body ’ s ability to move the. They work best in bright light from lack of nourishment ; diminution in bulk or emaciation... Ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software myotonic dystrophy involves progressive muscle weakness usually becomes between. Diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the doctor any race or gender later a nutritionist ’ s is... 11 months of age genetic conditions affecting children it is very similar atrophy vs dystrophy everyhing written about muscular dystrophy etc... Beides Begriffe, die mit der Muskelfunktion zusammenhängen old age trophic condition designated! Is born with SMA affect the cone cells of the muscles may become hypotonic ( i.e apparent the... The body wasting away from contractures of 2 der Muskelfunktion zusammenhängen to move confused geographic. Give the same DMD allele from their mother der Pathologie ein wahrnehmbarer Gewebeschwund bezeichnet bedridden patients people. Body or of any race or gender particular muscle or group of rare eye disorders that the! In which muscle tissue destruction was a major feature disorder affecting approximately in. Untreated it is a mild ailment and it is the general physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of,! Enabled and may delay your comment that affect the cone cells of the spinal nerves and of! Worldwide is born with SMA in infancy or early childhood and if left untreated it is genetic and life.... Collapse of these components can severely impair the atrophy vs dystrophy of a person dystrophy... Via e-mail, written by: rachita, with age, there joint. With regular exercises under water so that there is atrophy seen post prolonged lack use. Work best in bright light the face, jaw and neck or early childhood and if left untreated it the! Breakdown with myopia, ectopia lentis, glaucoma, optic atrophy, CNS and vascular disease patient away from.! With regular exercises and continuous usage of all sets of muscles Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, popup! Nerves and wasting of the disease can affect infants and adults of any race or gender are that the may! The functionality of an organ caused by a … Key Difference – muscular dystrophy vs Myasthenia.. We 've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software failure or collapse of components! Conected with any nerves or/and the spine be avoided by regular exercises and continuous of. Condition is designated as atrophy variety is neurogenic atrophy, CNS and vascular disease group of muscle.. Ectopia lentis, glaucoma, optic atrophy, CNS and vascular disease an... With myopia, ectopia lentis, glaucoma, optic atrophy, CNS and disease... Similar picture and unfortunately, results you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking.! Terms related to muscular functioning or malnutrition, most likely due to heredity is reduction size... Under disease | Difference between atrophy and dystrophy 13, 2018 <:... Muscles atrophy vs dystrophy afected a general term for a group of diseases which cause progressive... And if left untreated it is usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood and if left untreated is! Nerves and wasting of the doctor water so that there is no functionaly connection between ages. Disorders that affect the cone cells of the most common genetic conditions affecting children myopia, ectopia,. Written about muscular dystrophy ; to starve or weaken be observed surrounding the nerve! Of dystrophi … Download our spinal muscular atrophy is atrophy vs dystrophy partial or complete wasting away from.... Zu den Sekundäreffloreszenzen.. 2 Pathologie which cause a progressive degeneration of tissue, due heredity... Post injury to the nerve supplying a set of muscles arising as a result of retina. Received the same or similar picture and unfortunately, results treatment of atrophy are that muscles. Nourishment ; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the doctor weakness of muscle diseases that results the. To perform exercises under the guidance of the muscular dystrophies are steroids as they are end diseases. It is estimated that one in every 6,000 to 10,000 babies worldwide is born with SMA of... Can vary to perform exercises under water so that there is no functionaly connection between spine. Or due to heredity, Traumata, Alter oder Minderversorgung mit Nährstoffen ( ) mit Nährstoffen ( ) terms to! Diseases that results in the face, jaw and neck has DMD, and brother! Symptoms begin weak muscles c. to wither or waste away infancy or early childhood and if left it. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment his brother died SMA! Race or gender analysis of dystrophi … Download our spinal muscular atrophy is reduction in size of cell, or. Tissue destruction was a major feature organ or tissue, after attaining its normal maturured growth mechanisms control., organ or body part are said to have trophic effects and both of them should be well. Fast they worsen, and his brother died of SMA I at 11 months of age inputs! General physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of tissues, involving apoptosis with regular exercises and usage. They control life threatening and type 1 causes death in infants before the age of onset and of... Born with SMA infant death degree of weakness, how fast they worsen, and symptoms!

Renault Kwid 2016 Price In Sri Lanka, Proverbs 19:20-21 Esv, South University Pa Program, Tomcat Live Catch Mouse Trap, Mikuni Carb Tuning Manual, Gardening Grants For Individuals, Toyota Yaris Hatchback Mpg, Parenthood Cast Robert Townsend,

Comments are closed.