geography of puerto rico

The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. The archipelago of Puerto Rico is located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. Until the middle of the twentieth century, the island was one of the poorest in the Caribbean. Puerto Rico is an archipelago formed by the main island of Puerto Rico and several smalle islands: Vieques, Culebra, Mona and numerous islets. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, Puerto Rico became a territory of the United States. Lajas, a municipality in southwestern Puerto Rico, is home to the famous Bahía Fosforescente, or Phosphorescent Bay. Census data are available for Puerto Rico from periodic censuses, beginning with a census taken by the War Department in 1899. Vieques lies about 7 miles (11.3 km) east of the main island and is approximately … The mountainous interior is formed by the Cordillera Central Range and this is formed by a central mountain chain ranging from Mayaguez to Aibonito. pursue statehood through the U.S. Congress, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. In 1948 the U.S. government began Operation Bootstrap which infused millions of dollars into the Puerto Rican economy and made it one of the wealthiest. • Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean and east of the Dominican Republic. Puerto Rico has both Spanish and English for its official languages. All trademarks, product names, logos, and the like, appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners. Droughts and hurricanes are the major natural hazards. These may or may not actually be related to Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States but if it … However, for now, Puerto Rico remains a territory of the United States, with all that such a relationship entails. The federal government is expected to spend about three billion dollars annually in the state toward benefits not currently received by the Commonwealth. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south, the Virgin Passage to the East and the Mona Passage to the West. Here you will find a unique, untouched environment housing creatures found nowhere else in the world. If Puerto Rico were to become the fifty-first state, the U.S. federal government and the state-to-be will establish a ten-year transitional process towards statehood. It is located in the Caribbean Sea. With an area of 3,515 square miles (9,104 km ), it is the third largest island in the United States and the 82nd largest island in the world. Larger Than Delaware and Rhode Island. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). The beautiful coastal area extends for approximately thirteen to nineteen kilometers in the north and for three to thirteen kilometers to the south. In 1917 Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship. The third most populous urban centre of the island, after San Juan and Bayamón, the city is situated 3 miles (5 km) north of its port, Playa de Ponce. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) … 3. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Congress granted the people of Puerto Rico United States citizenship in 1917. If independence were chosen by the citizens of Puerto Rico in the future, then the United States will assist the new country through a decade-long transition period. Puerto Rico's climate is humid in many places, and some areas experience powerful storms daily. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States but if it became a state, Puerto Rico's land area of 3,435 square miles (8,897 km2) would make it the 49th largest state (larger than Delaware and Rhode Island). Visitors to Laguna Grande never fail to be amazed at the unique after-dark spectacle provided by this tropical bioluminescent lagoon as the water - or more specifically, the millions of dinoflagellates in the water - light up and glow in response to the slightest disturbance. The territory consists of the main island, and a series of … English: Geography of Puerto Rico, an insular area of the United States in the Caribbean. Geography Puerto Rico is an island east of the Dominican Republic and west of the British Virgin Islands. ", Pursuing Statehood Through the U.S. Congress, Why Puerto Rico Matters in the US Presidential Election. Puerto rico 1. The Lesser Antilles begin to the east of Puerto Rico. The island is almost rectangular in form. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. The territory is very mountainous (covering about 60%), except in the regional coasts, but Puerto Rico... Terrain. Founded in either 1670 or 1680 as Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Ponce, it was raised to the status of town in 1692, villa in 1848, and city in 1877. PUERTO RICO Rachel Lichtenstein and Jennifer Morganti Pd. It has a total area of 9,104 sq. Islands similar to or like Geography of Puerto Rico. To the north and east is the Atlantic Ocean. The top four highest mountains in Puerto Rico are Cerro Punta, Rosa, Guilarte and the Tres Picachos. The coasts of tropical Puerto Rico are flat but most of the interior is mountainous. Puerto Rico is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, approximately a thousand miles southeast of Florida and just east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. The island is very hilly, 75% of the island is made up of mountains or hills. The region features both rugged volcanic rock and delicate limestone and you will find a variety of sinkholes, karst features, limestone cliffs and caves in this region. Archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. Because of this the island has been placed under the management of the Puerto Rican Natural Resources and the United States as a National Park Service. Puerto Rico: Reading Comprehensions with References to Puerto Rico This section lists reading comprehensions on edHelper.com with references to Puerto Rico. San Juan (/ ˌ s æ n ˈ hw ɑː n /, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; "Saint John") is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. The new state would probably obtain six new voting members of the House of Representatives and of course, two Senators. Geography :: Puerto Rico Location : This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. Apply to Retail Sales Associate, Program Manager, Project Director and more! The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. The Puerto Rican coastline measures about five hundred and eighty kilometers. Geography of Puerto Rico Geology. The island of Puerto Rico is found in the Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles from Miami. The U.S. is the major trading partner, 86% of exports are sent to the U.S. and 69% of imports come from the fifty states. In November 2012, Puerto Ricans voted not to maintain the status quo and to pursue statehood through the U.S. Congress. Puerto Ricans would also begin paying federal income tax and business would lose the special tax exemptions that are a major part of the economy. The Antilles is a chain of islands that stretch more than 1500 miles starting from Florida (USA) to Venezuela (South America). The island is approximately 90 miles wide in an east-west direction and 30 miles wide between the north and south coasts. All rights reserved. Puerto Rico, which means "rich port" in Spanish, wasn't settled until 1508 when Ponce de Leon founded a town near present-day San Juan. Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Due to erosion from the interior mountains, a chain of smaller valleys lie at right angles in close proximity to the east and west coast. The Insular Cases: History and Significance, Biography of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, African History Expert, The Capital of Puerto Rico Celebrates Its Long and Vibrant History. San Juan, Puerto Rico's capital, is located on the north side of the island. When Did Puerto Rico Become a US Territory? © Copyright 1995-2020 PuertoRico.com. Puerto Rico has fertile soil, a subtropical climate, and sandy beaches. Definition and List of Countries, Geography of the Territories of the United States. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. The population is a mixture of Spanish, African, and indigenous heritage. Spanish is the primary language on the island and for a short time earlier this decade, it was the commonwealth's official language. Are Puerto Ricans Immigrants in the U.S.? The Arawakan people settled the island around the ninth century CE. Puerto Rico. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León f… Physical Geography. Learn puerto rico geography with free interactive flashcards. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. Various smaller islands and cays, including Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos Geography of Puerto Rico. km (3,515 sq mi). Puerto Rico makes up part of the Great Antilles being the smallest eastern island in this collection. The karst region extends west from Aquadilla to the east of San Juan in Loiza. Puerto Rico - Geography Puerto Rico - Culture Puerto Rico - History. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since a law was passed in 1917. Learn more about the geography of Puerto Rico. The main island of Puerto Ricois the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. United States firms that are located in Puerto Rico receive tax incentives to encourage investments. About seven-eighths of Puerto Ricans are Roman Catholic and literacy is about 90%. Puerto Rico is located in the archipelago of the Antilles. Located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico was key to the Spanish Empire since the early years of exploration, conquest and colonization of the New World. The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 13,790 square km The Antilles are divided into two regions—Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles. About eight percent of the land is arable for agriculture. What Is Birthright Citizenship in the United States? Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. Located in the South of Puerto Rico you will find Ponce, which is geared up to welcome tourists with many places of interest to visit, such as the Serralles Castle, the Ponce Museum of Art, Hacienda Buena Vista and the Serralles Rum Distillery. 10 Geography jobs available in Puerto Rico on Indeed.com. Interestingly, in 2005 it was estimated that 90.72% of the land was not being used while only 5.59% was being used permanently for crops and 3.69% is arable land. We are using cookies to make the website better. Puerto Rico is a rectangular island, situated roughly in the middle of the Antilles, a chain of islands that stretches from Florida to Venezuela and forms the dividing line between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. 438.74/km2(1,136.33/sq mi) The geography of Puerto Ricoconsists of an archipelagolocated between the Caribbean Seaand the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republicand west of the Virgin Islands. Your Rights and Responsibilities as a New US Citizen, What Is Latin America? The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. Located on the east coast of Puerto Rico, in the municipality of Fajardo, the magnificent Laguna Grande is one of the ... PuertoRico.com® is a non-government website designed to help travelers learn about the island of Puerto Rico. This long chain of smaller islands, bordered in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, curve southward, terminating in Trinidad just off the northern coast of Venezuela. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Puerto Rico remained a Spanish colony for more than four centuries until the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American war in 1898 and occupied the island. In the North lies the karst region – an area that is seen as being a crucial physiographic area. Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook. Those Lesser Antilles are subdivided into the Leeward Islands group in the north and the Windward Islands group in the south. The rougher, cooler Atlantic Ocean is on the north side of the island; the calmer, warmer Caribbean Sea is on the south side. Major exports include pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, sugarcane, and coffee. What Is the Difference Between a Commonwealth and a State? Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. The stars on the United States flag would change for the first time in more than fifty years. Which Are the Smallest States in the U.S.? Unrestricted U.S. migration of Puerto Ricans has made New York City the one place with the most Puerto Ricans anywhere in the world (over one million). Geography of Puerto Rico The Antilles. Puerto Rico’s Official, National and Public Holidays, Legends, Fables, Myths and Stories of Puerto Rico, An Overview of the Education System in Puerto Rico, Traditional and Modern Influences Shaped Puerto Rican Music. Because of the mountainous geographic chain and the short width of the island, Puerto Rico cannot really have any large lakes or long rivers. TYPE OF GOVERNMENT • Puerto Rico is a self-governing commonwealth in association with the United States. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an unincorporated island territory of the United States of America, located in north-eastern Caribbean Sea. Some of the natural resources that can be found are off-shore and on-shore crude oil – which isn’t currently being harvested – as well as copper, nickel and fish. It is the smallest island in the Greater … "The road is pretty slick and gravel-ridden, so if you're going up in the rain (or going to go down in the rain) 4-wheel drive with low gear is NECESSARY." While most Puerto Ricans speak some English, only about a quarter of the population is fully bilingual. They enclose the Caribbean sea. It is also almost twice the size of Delaware. The island has regions of low land, valleys, and foothills, and the Cordillera Mountains cross southcentral Puerto Rico. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. Puerto Rico is composed of Jurassic to Eocene volcanic and plutonic rocks, which are overlain by younger... Topography. Map of Puerto Rico & articles on flags, geography, history, statistics, disasters, and current events. International recognition would come quickly for the new nation, which would have to develop its own defense and a new government. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. This site is supported by ads. Puerto Rico had one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region until 2006; however, growth has been negative for each of the last 11 years. The tallest mountain is in the center of the island, Cerro de Punta, which is 4,389 feet high (1338 meters). Even though they are citizens, Puerto Ricans pay no federal income tax and they can not vote for president. Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic The island's population is quite dense, with about 1100 people per square mile (427 people per square kilometer). Share. In 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered the island and claimed it for Spain. The area became a commonwealth on July 25, 1952, with the right to internal self-government. GEOGRAPHY • The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. Mona Island lies about fifty miles west of the Puerto Rican coastline. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. The Porta Caribe Region of Puerto Rico has much to offer tourists, including delightful attractions, top destinations and abundant activities. They range from 3093 to 4389 ft. There are almost four million Puerto Ricans, which would make the island the 23rd most populous state (between Alabama and Kentucky). Choose from 500 different sets of puerto rico geography flashcards on Quizlet. Puerto Rico is not a state, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. "After spending the night at a coffee plantation nearby, we decided to try reaching the top of Cerro Punta, tallest peak on the island." The main island of Puerto Rico is about 110 miles (177 km) long (west to east) and 35 miles (56.3 km) wide (north to south), and covers 3,515 square miles (9,104 square km) — slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. Several small offshore islands are part of Puerto Rico, but only two are inhabited year-round: Vieques and Culebra. Home » Multi-Ethnic Cultures of Puerto Rico » Learn About the Geography of Puerto Rico. 5 2. 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