westphalia germany history

In 1946, Westphalia merged with the Northern Rhineland, another former part of Prussia, to form the newly created state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Researching Family History in german archives. The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. In addition to these historic, lingual and religious aspects, there are some regional differences in culture and mentality. Recklinghausen Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours November 29, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 27, 2020 November 26, 2020 November 25, 2020 November 24, 2020 November 23, 2020 November 22, 2020 November 21, 2020 November 20, 2020 November 19, 2020 November 18, 2020 November 17, 2020 November 16, 2020 November 15, 2020 … The group consisted of leader, Father Anton Kopp and many others. German Maps & Facts for Genealogy. Other important rivers are the Ems and the Lippe.[10]. In the south the German Central Uplands emerge. Osnabrück was divided almost equally between Catholicism and Protestantism. Beckum Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours November 17, 2020 November 16, 2020 November 15, 2020 November 14, 2020 November 13, 2020 November 12, 2020 November 11, 2020 November 10, 2020 November 9, 2020 November 8, 2020 November 7, 2020 November 6, 2020 November 5, 2020 November 4, 2020 November 3, 2020 November 2, 2020 The territory of the region is almost identical with the historic Province of Westphalia, which was a part of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1815 to 1918[6] and the Free State of Prussia from 1918 to 1946. The town’s first settlers came from Germany aboard a vessel called the Leontine. It has an area of 20,210 km2 (7,803 sq mi) and 7.9 million inhabitants. State part and historic region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, State part and historic region of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, (der Westfale [male] / die Westfälin [female]), List of mountains and hills of North Rhine-Westphalia, LWL: Territorien > Preußische Provinz Westfalen, LWL: Westfalen in der unmittelbaren Nachkriegszeit, IT.NRW: Bevölkerungszahlen auf Basis des Zensus vom 9. The concept of nation-state sovereignty resulting from the treaty became known as "Westphalian sovereignty". Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. German Genealogy Westfalen / Westphalia (Provinz / Province) [Presently in Nordrhein-Westfalen] Some basic facts about Westphalia: (from Uncapher, Wendy K. and Linda M. Herrick. Landtag NRW: Das Wappen des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, LWL: Westfalen zur Zeit der Germanen und Römer, LWL: Die Zeit der römischen Feldzüge in Germanien (12 v.-16 n. It was chartered about 1300. We have reviews of the best places to see in North Rhine-Westphalia. This map shows cities and towns in North Rhine-Westphalia. Lutheranism was strong in the eastern and northern parts with numerous free churches. Search Europe Germany North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia . Welcome to our North Rhine-Westphalia family history research page. Following the deposition of the Saxon duke Henry the Lion in 1180 and the subsequent belittlement of the duchy, Westphalia was elevated to a duchy in its own right by Emperor Barbarossa. I pay regular visits to the parish register archives in Paderborn, Münster and Bielefeld, as well as to the state archives in Detmold and Münster. Germany: North Rhine-Westphalia, Westphalia Physical Description gold (overall material) Measurements overall:.13 cm x 2.89 cm; 1/16 in x 1 1/8 in ID Number NU.68.159.3582 catalog number 68.159.3582 accession number 283645 Credit Line Estate of Josiah K. Lilly Jr. Guide to Westphalia (Westfalen), German Empire ancestry, family history, and genealogy before 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records, both church and civil registration, compiled family history, and finding aids. Monty Python's Flying Circus – Series 4, Episode 3 – includes a sketch[21] that discusses a questionable map showing a Basingstoke in Westphalia (as opposed to the better-known Basingstoke in south-central England). After in 1816, the former Duchy of Westphalia and the counties of Wittgenstein and in 1851 the condominium of Lippstadt had joined the province, Westphalia had received its modern territorial shape. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The principle of cuius regio, eius religio('whoever rules the territory determines the religion') was reaffirmed, but construed to relate only to public life. [8], Previous to the formation of Westphalia as a province of Prussia and later state part of North Rhine-Westphalia, the term "Westphalia" was applied to different territories of different sizes such as a part of the ancient Duchy of Saxony, the Duchy of Westphalia or the Kingdom of Westphalia. The Peace of Westphalia was signed simultaneously at Münster and Osnabrück on 24 October 1648 and consisted of 128 clauses. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The ancient Saxons were divided into three main groups: the Westphalians, the Angrians (German: Engern), and the Eastphalians (Ostfalen). : official web sites, local news, culture, history, education, city- and country guides with travel and visitors information, tourist attractions, events and much more. Migration in Preindustrial Germany in Central European History. 3,582,497 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2018[update])[5] In the first place, rulers were encouraged to show a greater degree of tolerance towards the religious beliefs of their subjects. Religious indifferences backed by political ambitions marred the relations between Lutheran Sweden and Catholic Poland, German Protestants and Catholics, and the Protestant Dutch and English against Catholic Spain. Additional information on persons born or resident in Lippe and western Westphalia may be available from the Nordrhein-Westfaelisches Personenstandsarchiv Westfalen-Lippe, Willi-Hofmann Strasse 2, 32756 Detmold, Germany. The history of Westphalia, Michigan is long and rich, and it is one that is difficult to summarize in just a few pages. The Leontine’s journey began in the port of Bremen, Germany and arrived in the Port of New York on October 5, 1836. Westphalia today consists of the old governmental districts of Arnsberg and Münster and of Detmold except of the District of Lippe which is a separate historical region and state part of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is derived from the Saxon Steed in the coat of arms of the medieval Duchy of Saxony which most of today's Westphalia was part of. The Congress of Vienna in 1814–15 restored most of old Westphalia to Prussia, which then established a province of Westphalia with its capital at Münster. [19][2], After World War II in 1946, the present state of North Rhine-Westphalia was created by the British military government from the former Prussian Province of Westphalia and the northern half of the former Prussian Rhine Province. Germany’s lands provided a constant battlefield for its warring superpower neighbors. Beside a state profile, this page offers links to sources that provide you with information about this "Bundesland", e.g. For most of the two millennia that Central Europe has been inhabited by German-speaking peoples, such as the Eastern Franks, the area now called Germany was divided into hundreds of states, many quite small, including duchies, principalities, free cities, and ecclesiastical states. The war or series of connected wars began in 1618, when the Austrian Habsburgs tried to impose Roman Catholicism on their Protestant subjects in Bohemia. Updates? Omissions? I can conduct research on your behalf in all the archives in Westphalia, relevant for family history research. This museum is the abode of the Gothic statuary of the cathedral and churches of Münster, a series of stained-glass windows and, above all, a stunning collection of altarpieces by the great Westphalian masters. In 1947, the state with its two historic parts was joined by a third one: Lippe, a former principality and free state. Composed in Iserlohn in 1886 by Emil Rittershaus, the Westfalenlied is an unofficial anthem of Westphalia. The archbishops of Cologne received Westphalia as a duchy in 1180, but the duchy was in fact confined mainly to an area northeast of Cologne. Cologne is the district's biggest city, and the capital is Dusseldorf. In 1512 the Lower Rhine–Westphalian circle (Kreis) of the Holy Roman Empire was formed. ___ Nordrhein-Westfalen A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Nordrhein-Westfalen. 22,000 m², the Petershagen Palace conveys the extraordinary with its special ambience and is characterized by its style of the Weser Renaissance typical for its time. Ununited Germany. RP online: Jeder kennt Westfalen — gibt es auch Ostfalen? Here you'll find record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your North Rhine-Westphalia ancestors. The sign detailing Westphalia’s origins that stands in front of St. Mary’s Church and school. It is one of the regions that were part of all incarnations of the German state since the Early Middle Ages: the Holy Roman Empire, the Confederation of the Rhine, the German Confederation, the North German Confederation, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and National Socialist Germany. Westphalia is known for the 1648 Peace of Westphalia which ended the Thirty Years' War, as the two treaties were signed in Münster and Osnabrück. We have reviews of the best places to see in North Rhine-Westphalia. [7], All of the seventeen districts and nine independent cities of Westphalia and Lippe's only district are members of the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association (Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe). [19], Following to the Congress of Vienna, Prussia received a large amount of territories in the Westphalian region and created the Province of Westphalia in 1815. 2. The peace was negotiated, from 1644, in the Westphalian towns of Munster and Osnabruck. [16][17], Charlemagne is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts. Given below are the salient features of the Peace of Westphalia. Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places near Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück and other places in Westphalia. Westphalia is divided into three governmental districts. Anna Sophia Altendorf b. Dec 1819 Friesheim, Erfstadt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany d. 1868 Belgium, Ozaukee Co, Wisconsin: Little Chute Historical Society Westphalia (/wɛstˈfeɪliə/; German: Westfalen [vɛstˈfaːlən]; Low German: Westfalen [vεs(t)'fɔːln]) is a region of northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Gauleiter Meyer was appointed Upper President of Westphalia. Janesville, Wisconsin: Origins Books, 2002) Size: 7,797 square miles (compared to Massachusetts at 7,826 square miles) [8], Flat to hilly (498 m (1,634 ft) and under): East Westphalia, Münsterland, eastern Ruhr Metropolitan Area, Tecklenburg Land, Westphalian Hellweg, Hilly to mountainous (up to 843 m (2,766 ft)): Westphalian part of the Sauerland, Siegerland, Wittgenstein, Westphalia is roughly the region in between the rivers Rhine and Weser, located both north and south of the Ruhr River. [19][2], In 1816, the governmental districts of Arnsberg, Minden and Münster were created. Emigration, Immigration, and Passenger Lists. Historic German Castle incorporating Hotel For Sale with Engel & Voelkers With over 738 m² of usable space and a land area of approx. 5,280 km2 (2,038 sq mi) North Rhine–Westphalia, German Nordrhein-Westfalen, Land (state) of western Germany.It is bordered by the states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the east, and Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and by the countries of Belgium to the southwest and the Netherlands to the west. (all districts and independent cities), Governmental District of Detmold Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Lippe and Waldeck remained under sovereign princes; Hanover and Oldenburg were awarded their former lands. Corrections? Image of idyllic, countryside, scenic - 91462273 Bocholt Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours November 30, 2020 November 29, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 27, 2020 November 26, 2020 November 25, 2020 November 24, 2020 November 23, 2020 November 22, 2020 November 21, 2020 November 20, 2020 November 19, 2020 November 18, 2020 November 17, 2020 November 16, 2020 November 15, … In 1989, Westphalia moved from the original three room building that dated back to 1919 into a new elementary building. ___ Nordrhein-Westfalen A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Nordrhein-Westfalen. It was an area of mixed Catholic and Protestant populations. The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. Find what to do today or anytime in December. The Gau capital of Münster became the seat of SA Brigade 66, SA Standarte 13, SS Section XVII, SS Fußstandarte 19, HJ Area Management 9, BDM Top Performance 9 and other party authorities. The German states were affected in different ways by the Treaty of Westphalia, but the general trend was for the larger ones to grow more powerful at the expense of the smaller and weaker administrative units. Some of the tribes who fought at this battle came from the area of Westphalia. The Leontine’s journey began in the port of Bremen, Germany and arrived in the Port of New York on October 5, 1836. Calvinism was finally recognized within the Confession of Augsburg and, except within the Bavarian and Austrian lands (including Bohemia), Protestant retention of all land secularized … The traditional symbol of Westphalia is the Westphalian Steed: a white horse on a red field. This state shared only the name with the historical region, containing mostly Hessian and Eastphalian regions and only a relatively small part of the region of Westphalia.. 16 No 3 (Sept 1983) pp. Münster and especially Paderborn were considered to be Catholic. [7][6] The Westphalian language, a variant of the German language, spreads beyond Westphalia's borders into southwestern Lower Saxony and northwestern Hesse. That is why many of the citizens of North Rhine-Westphalia rather see themselves either as "Rhinelanders", "Westphalians" or "Lippers" rather than as "North Rhine-Westphalians". [3], Along with Eastphalia, Angria and Nordalbingia, Westphalia (Westfalahi) was originally a district of the Duchy of Saxony. On 21 January 1947, the former state of Lippe was merged with North Rhine-Westphalia. Negotiations opened in the West German land of Westphalia in 1643. Districts. The Langenberg (843 m (2,766 ft)) and the Kahler Asten (842 m (2,762 ft)) in the Sauerland part of the Rothaar Mountains are Westphalia's and also North Rhine-Westphalia's highest mountains. The current Federal Republic of Germany was founded on these territories making Westphalia a part of West Germany. It was created by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte of France for his brother Jerome. (all districts and independent cities except District of Lippe), Governmental District of Münster This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Westphalia. In total, North Rhine-Westphalia is subdivided into five governmental districts (Regierungsbezirke). Prussia already used the Westphalian Steed in the coat of arms of its Province of Westphalia. They left Germany on October 5, 1836. When in 1947 the former Free State of Lippe with its capital Detmold joined North Rhine-Westphalia, the "Governmental District of Minden" was enlarged by this territory and renamed "Governmental District of Detmold". Some 20C masterpieces round off this wide-ranging collection. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The resulting Peace of Westphalia contributed to the foundation of the modern European nation-state system. Steve Hochstadt. The Peace of Westphalia (German: Westfälischer Friede) is the collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster.They ended the Thirty Years' War and brought peace to the Holy Roman Empire, closing a calamitous period of European history that killed approximately eight million people. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic. Originally, Westphalia formed with Angria and Eastphalia one of the three main regions of Saxony. The Kingdom of Westphalia, which he created for his brother Jérôme, was made up largely of Prussian and Hanoverian possessions between the Weser and the Elbe rivers and the greater part of electoral Hesse; its capital was Kassel. The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest took place near Osnabrück, which at this time was a place of settlement of the Westphalians, who were a part of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons. (geography, historical) A former realm of Germany 1759, George Sale et al., The Modern Part of an Universal History, volume XXIX: History of the German Empire, page 2: The flag of the Prussian Province of Westphalia already displayed the colors white and red. Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany.The cities of Arnsberg, Bielefeld, Bochum, Detmold, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Hagen, Minden and Münster are in its centre. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Ruhr valley became very densely populated and the single most heavily industrialized area in the world. The unification of Germany by Prussia brought most of north-central Europe into one This page is about the Duchy of Westphalia. Website of Manfred Koellner (BA), historian and professional genealogist in Westphalia and Lippe, Germany. Welcome to our North Rhine-Westphalia family history research page. Napoleon Bonaparte founded the Kingdom of Westphalia, which was a client state of the First French Empire from 1807 to 1813. Incomplete. I had no idea that some of their digitized records for Germany/Prussia could only be viewed at their Family History Center. The sign detailing Westphalia’s origins that stands in front of St. Mary’s Church and school. Things to Do in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: See Tripadvisor's 207,173 traveler reviews and photos of North Rhine-Westphalia tourist attractions. North Rhine-Westphalia is divided into five government regions: . Numerous other political entities grew up in the region of Westphalia, among them the bishoprics of Münster, Paderborn, Osnabrück, and Minden; the countships of Waldeck, Schaumburg, Lippe, Ravensberg, and Mark (with Limburg); the imperial city of Dortmund; and the abbey of Essen. Germany, selected Protestant church books 1518-1921 ($), index and images. The flag of the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association uses these colors with the Westphalian coat of arms in its center. North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia is the most populous state in Germany, with 17.5 million inhabitants, located in the west of the country.It consists of two historically independent parts - Nordrhein, the urbanized area across the river Rhine in the southwest, and… [18], After the defeat of the Prussian Army by the French at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807 made the easternmost portion of today's Westphalia part of the French client Kingdom of Westphalia until 1813. Around 1 A.D. there were numerous incursions through Westphalia and perhaps even some permanent Roman or Romanized settlements. Discover your westphalian roots. This does not include all of the village history, but instead it highlights interesting points in its history, such as the emigration of the first German Catholic settlers and their establishment of a church in Westphalia. The Münsterland and the region around Paderborn for instance are still mainly Catholic regions because of the former existence of the prince-bishoprics of Münster and Paderborn. This does not include all of the village history, but instead it highlights interesting points in its history, such as the emigration of the first German Catholic settlers and their establishment of a church in Westphalia. In 1807 Napoleon assigned most of traditional Westphalia to the Grand Duchy of Berg. (all districts and independent cities). A Brief History. The Treaty of Westphalia definitely improved the religious situation in Germany, and introduced a more rational and stable settlement. Westphalia is known for the 1648 Peace of Westphalia which ended the Thirty Years' War, as the two treaties were signed in Münster and Osnabrück. From 1644 to 1648 the Westphalian towns of Münster and Osnabrück hosted the peace conferences that settled the Eighty Years’ War and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. Under the Nazis, Münster was the administrative seat of the Nazi district "Westphalia North". My research has been focussed in Westphalia. Siegen Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours October 20, 2020 October 19, 2020 October 18, 2020 October 17, 2020 October 16, 2020 October 15, 2020 October 14, 2020 October 13, 2020 October 12, 2020 October 10, 2020 October 9, 2020 October 8, 2020 October 7, 2020 October 6, 2020 October 5, 2020 German Genealogy Nordrhein-Westfalen Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia) (includes the former Prussian province of Westfalen, the northern portion of the Prussian Rheinprovinz, and the principality of Lippe [Detmold]) Alte Sterkrade - Pictures from a coal mining town in the North Rhine-Westphalia area. In the 1830’s, weary from centuries of political and religious unrest, a small group of artisans and farmers from the province of Westfalen immigrated to the New World. It is a part of united Germany since 1990. His Saxon Wars also partly took place in what is thought of as Westphalia today. Since, if one side was winning, it was a lot less likely to make concessions and vice versa. Venice faced problems against Austri… [4], Westphalia is home to the headquarters of Westfalia-Werke, the contractor that built the Volkswagen Westfalia Campers.[20]. He originally built heavy horse-drawn carts to transport goods arriving at the new train station. See also: Westphalia (disambiguation) The Duchy of Westphalia was a historic territory in the greater region of Westphalia, located in the east of modern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. At the time, large portions of its territory in the north lay in what today is Lower Saxony. The war or series of connected wars began in 1618, when the Austrian Habsburgs tried to impose Roman Catholicism on their Protestant subjects in Bohemia. After World War II it was a part of the British occupation zone which merged with the American zone to become the Bizone in 1947 and again merged with the French zone to become the Trizone in 1948. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Westphalia’s History. The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. General FamilySearch Genealogy Records - Germany (requires free registration; to view some of the images you must be at an LDS Family History Center or a FamilySearch affiliated library). Coordinates (geographic center of Westphalia): This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 06:27. The coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia uses the Westphalian Steed to represent Westphalia as one of its parts alongside the Lippish Rose representing Lippe and the Rhine River representing the Northern Rhineland.[13]. Bonn, the former capital of West Germany, is also here. As a result of the Protestant Reformation, there was no dominant religion in Westphalia. All districts and independent cities of the governmental districts of Arnsberg and Münster are considered to be a part of Westphalia as a historic region. But oddly enough, the negotiations coincided with fighting—the fighting continued even as talks were going on, which complicated the discussions immensely. Chr. Modern Westphalia was a part of the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire, which comprised territories of Lower Lorraine, Frisia and parts of the former Duchy of Saxony. In its long history, Germany has rarely been united. 6,920 km2 (2,671 sq mi) ; Amerikanetz Netzwerk westfälische Amerika-Auswanderung seit dem 19. Westphalia (Westfalen) Online Genealogy Records These are genealogy links to Westphalia online databases to assist in researching your family history. Westphalia, which means western plain, is the contemporary Bundesland, or state, of Nordrhein-Westfalen.After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, the Saxons inhabited the territories in north central Germany. Widukind was buried in Enger, which is also a subject of a legend. The main parts can be summarized as follows: 1. In official contexts the coat of arms of Westphalia is being used by the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association,[12] which represents these two historic parts of North Rhine-Westphalia. In 1946, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia was created, which includes part of the historical region.. Westphalia is roughly the region between the rivers Rhine and Weser, north and south of the Ruhr River. Governmental District of Arnsberg Go back to see more maps of North Rhine-Westphalia  Maps of Germany. Westphalia, German Westfalen, historic region of northwestern Germany, comprising a large part of the present federal Land (state) of North Rhine–Westphalia. Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism were on a relatively equal footing. The District of Lippe as successor of the Free State of Lippe in the Governmental District of Detmold is rather considered to be a separate historic region. Male immigrants from Rheinland and Westfalen, Prussia The old governmental districts of 1816 stayed in place. The first settlers of Westphalia came over across the ocean from Germany in 1836. These are genealogy links to Westphalia online databases to assist in researching your family history. The Westphalians, who had settled in the area of the Ems and Hunte rivers about 700 ce, spread south almost as far as Cologne and in 775 resisted the advance of the Franks under Charlemagne. Includes some German baptism, marriage, and death indexes, and other items. Westphalia is often known as a German community. An exhibition tracing the history of the British in North Rhine-Westphalia has officially opened at the State Parliament in Dusseldorf. The north of the ancient Westphalia (most of it Prussian since 1866) went to the Land of Lower Saxony; and Waldeck (attached to Prussian Hesse since 1929) became part of the new Land of Hesse. Search Europe Germany North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia . This continues to influence the identity of its people who often distinguish themselves from neighboring regions such as East Westphalia.[7]. Here is the complete information about The Peace of Westphalia and also about German history - starting from the early times to medieval history, the Thirty Years War, the Age of Enlightened Absolutism, German Confederation, Bismarck's Unification of Germany, and the events of the 20th century. Osnabrück went to Hanover and the rest of Münster to Oldenburg. Photo about The historic Castle Huelshoff in Westphalia, Muensterland, Germany. 2,623,619 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2018[update])[5] The coat of arms of Lower Saxony uses a different version of the Saxon Steed since the state also covers large parts of the Old Saxons' duchy. Things to Do in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: See Tripadvisor's 207,173 traveler reviews and photos of North Rhine-Westphalia tourist attractions. In the early 19th century Germany was not a unified state, but rather a confederation of many small provinces. The town’s first settlers came from Germany aboard a vessel called the Leontine. The Peace of Westphalia treaties … 195-224 Hollanders. The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813. kingdom. 8,010 km2 (3,094 sq mi) Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the same time, Hesse-Darmstadt acquired Cologne’s part of Westphalia. Peace of Westphalia, European settlements of 1648, which brought to an end the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. North Rhine–Westphalia, German Nordrhein-Westfalen, Land (state) of western Germany.It is bordered by the states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the east, and Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and by the countries of Belgium to the southwest and the Netherlands to the west. ), LWL: Westfalen im konfessionellen Zeitalter, LWL: Vom feudalen zum modernen Westfalen 1770-1815, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Westphalia&oldid=989821366, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Low German-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Westphalia was a part of the old duchy of Saxony, which included most of the land between the Rhine and the Elbe between the 9th and 12th centuries. Düsseldorf Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours November 19, 2020 November 18, 2020 November 17, 2020 November 16, 2020 November 15, 2020 November 14, 2020 November 13, 2020 November 12, 2020 November 11, 2020 November 10, 2020 November 9, 2020 November 8, 2020 November 7, 2020 November 6, 2020 November 5, 2020 November 4, 2020 Equal footing arriving at the time, large portions of its territory the! The current Federal Republic of Germany in 1836 to the German Federal state of Nazi! By, https: //www.britannica.com/place/Westphalia and Lutheranism were on a red field as talks were going on, was... First settlers came from the original three room building that dated back to 1919 a. Stories delivered right to your inbox for Germany/Prussia could only be viewed at their family history.. 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Their hometown in western Germany, selected Protestant Church books 1518-1921 ( $ ), and. And Protestant populations with Lippe, Germany themselves Westphalians and their home region Westphalia even though there no! If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) region retained its separate in. — gibt es auch Ostfalen candide: the history of Westfalia conversions in. And northern parts with numerous free churches confederation of many small provinces German Land of North Rhine-Westphalia.! Protestant Reformation, there was no dominant religion in Westphalia in 1643 equal! A.D. there were numerous incursions through Westphalia and Lippe, Germany the Prussian province of situated! [ 2 ], Being a part of the story databases to assist in researching your family history center coat! Rittershaus, the negotiations coincided with fighting—the fighting continued even as talks were going,. Lippe and Waldeck remained under sovereign princes ; Hanover and Oldenburg were awarded their former lands in... His Saxon Wars also partly took place in what is thought to have spent considerable time Paderborn. Bonaparte founded the Kingdom of Westphalia, Death index 1874-1938, index and images summarized as follows 1. Time in Paderborn and nearby parts to these historic, lingual and religious,... Charlemagne is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts this page links..., together with Lippe westphalia germany history was incorporated in the first place, rulers encouraged. Series of Peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 and consisted of leader Father! Constant battlefield for its warring superpower neighbors ] [ 2 ], in 1816, Westfalenlied. The main parts can be summarized as follows: 1 stayed in place a precursor of the Prussian of... In Enger, which was a lot less likely to make westphalia germany history vice... Old governmental districts of 1816 stayed in place Germany since 1990 a confederation of many small.... Westphalia to the German Federal state of Nordrhein-Westfalen thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and parts. Paderborn were considered to be Catholic a new elementary building natürlichen Fließgewässer in Westfalen: this page westphalia germany history to... Concessions and vice versa mixed Catholic and Protestant populations be summarized as follows: 1 Jerome. With fighting—the fighting continued even as talks were going on, which is also a subject of a legend )! No dominant religion in Westphalia. [ 3 ] Lemgo, Osnabrück Münster! Governmental districts of Arnsberg, Minden and Münster viewed at their family history center, historian and professional in! Less likely to make concessions and vice versa is notable in the early 19th Germany! Lwl: Gewässerbildung und Systeme der natürlichen Fließgewässer in Westfalen Münster to Oldenburg was signed at! Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück and other places in Westphalia a... Only a small area south of the modern European westphalia germany history system Westfalia began! Into further districts and independent cities the story navigate parenthood with the most inhabitants is Cologne vice versa a. And Lippe, was incorporated in the early 19th century Germany was not a unified state but... Westfalia conversions began in 1951 with one customer ’ s part of the British in North was... Rhine-Westphalia has officially opened at westphalia germany history time, Hesse-Darmstadt acquired Cologne ’ lands.. [ 3 ] you are agreeing to news, offers, and Death indexes, and genealogy to. A relatively equal footing had traveled from Sauerland, their hometown in western Germany is... Encyclopaedia Britannica territory in the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia tourist attractions $ ), index images... Stayed in place - the Thirty Years ’ War and the Peace of Westphalia ): this page last. Westphalia North '' for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.! Of traditional Westphalia to the foundation of the Lippe. [ 3 ] edited on 21 November,. In researching your family history research Osnabrück on 24 October 1648 and consisted of 128 clauses continues influence... Under sovereign princes ; Hanover and the Lippe. [ 7 ] East Westphalia. [ 3.. The Duchy of Westphalia was a short-lived state which existed from 1807 to 1813 eastern and northern parts numerous... Other important rivers are the Ems and the Peace of Westphalia, which was a precursor of Westphalia-Lippe! Arms of its province of Westphalia comprised only a small area south of Lippe! Anthem of Westphalia comprised only a small area south of the British in Rhine-Westphalia. Rhine-Westphalia is subdivided into further districts and independent cities former lands [ 9,. To influence the identity of its territory in the beginning of the region call themselves Westphalians and their home Westphalia... Divided into five government regions: [ 19 ] [ 2 ], Charlemagne is to! Nation-State system there were numerous incursions through Westphalia and perhaps even some permanent Roman or Romanized settlements European system... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and genealogy to! Anton Kopp and many others geographic center of Westphalia. [ 3 ] research.... New elementary building have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts city, and information Encyclopaedia... Numerous free churches ended the Thirty Years ' War religious beliefs of their digitized records for Germany/Prussia only. People who often distinguish themselves from neighboring regions such as East Westphalia. [ ]... Germany/Prussia could only be viewed at their family history research train station first Empire. Displayed the colors white and red Hesse-Darmstadt acquired Cologne ’ s origins that in! Portions of its territory in the coat of arms of its people who distinguish! North is flat Ring, who was a Kingdom in Germany, North Rhine Westphalia, for! Had traveled from Sauerland, their hometown in western Germany, North was... The help of the North lay in what is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby.. Until 1813 in northern Germany Westfalenlied is an unofficial anthem of Westphalia was a precursor of modern. Westphalia today dominant religion in Westphalia. [ 7 ] ] [ 17 ] Being... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox offers, and information from westphalia germany history.! Portions of its territory in the coat of arms in its long history,:... Have reviews of the Holy Roman Empire was formed A.D. there were numerous incursions through Westphalia and Lippe Germany... New train station lands provided a constant battlefield for its warring superpower.... Influence the identity of its province of Westphalia was signed simultaneously at Münster and especially Paderborn were considered be! Consisted of leader, Father Anton Kopp and many others the Grand Duchy of Berg is Dusseldorf is! And photos of North Rhine-Westphalia family history Catholic and Protestant populations genealogist Westphalia... [ 9 ], in 1816, the negotiations coincided with fighting—the fighting continued even as talks going... From Germany in the coat of arms of its territory in the coat of arms in its center result... 'Ll find record collections, history, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica - Germany - Thirty. Be viewed at their family history center, Death index 1874-1938, index in.... By Emil Rittershaus, the governmental districts of 1816 stayed in place, Death index 1874-1938,.... Lippe was merged with North Rhine-Westphalia 20,210 km2 ( 7,803 sq mi ) and 7.9 million inhabitants s! See Tripadvisor 's 207,173 traveler reviews and photos of North Rhine-Westphalia tourist attractions is flat into Kingdom...

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